6 Types of Wood Paneling to Consider for Your Interiors

Mad Men interiors wood paneling

As part of the bring-the-outside-in decorating mentality—but also the everything-old-is-new-again cycle of life—wood paneling is back in a big way. But we’re not talking about the garish knotty pine of your grandparents’ basement. In its various forms, wood paneling is most often painted a glossy white and used to express vibes ranging from farm to formal. Bynum Design relies a lot on paneling to dial our spaces up a notch. It can be a surprisingly affordable way to add architectural interest and to draw the eye where you want it. Here we explore six of the most popular, most devastatingly handsome of your wood paneling options:

shiplap paneling

1. Shiplap paneling: First, it bears mentioning that “shiplap” is just a lovely word to say. So pat and succinct. And doesn’t it, simply by virtue of having “ship” as part of its name, communicate a coastal/beach house feel? Shiplap, which is usually laid horizontally, acquired its name as its panels overlap, with grooved boards called “rabbets” fitting together tightly to form a weatherproof seal. Shiplap is inherently informal and tends to make the most sense in cottage-inspired homes in need of the texture and the warmth of a natural material. It first came into popularity on home exteriors.

tongue and groove paneling

2. Tongue and groove: Tongue and groove is very similar to shiplap and offers the same clean, classic look. The difference is in the way the boards connect; while shiplap panels are joined with a rabbet joint at the top and bottom of each board, tongue and groove paneling connects where the “tongue” of one board fits into the “groove” of another. In this way, shiplap presents the look of the boards overlapping slightly whereas tongue and groove boards just fit one on top of the other. Tongue and groove is usually a bit more expensive than shiplap, and when used outdoors it is said to do a better job of keeping the elements at bay.

reclaimed wood paneling

3. Reclaimed wood: Whether you utilize actual reclaimed wood or simply use new wood and make it look old, a wall of reclaimed wood paneling can add loads of texture to a space. The stain color or finish you select will have a lot of sway on the final look. Of course one of the best things about reclaimed wood is the story it has to tell. Though much of it comes off old factories and barn structures, we’ve also heard of it coming from gymnasiums and churches. And there’s something to be said about the one-of-a-kind character that comes from real nail holes, worm holes, knots, saw marks, surface patina, and even chipping paint.

Board and batten

4. Board and batten: There are two types of board and batten that you will see these days. There’s the real deal, featuring real wood panels on top of which the board and batten framework is formed with solid wood battens (strips) and boards (planks). And then there’s the imitation-style board and batten, which is created atop plyboard or even drywall rather than real wood panels. If you ask me, both are fantastic and, whether they run the whole height of a wall or stop half or even three quarters of the way up a wall, serve to dress up a space. This look is most common in bathrooms and dining rooms. Again, board and batten had its beginnings on home exteriors.


5. Beadboard: Beadboard is simply another type of tongue-and-groove paneling, except that the tongues and grooves connect not single boards but panels with the distinctive look of beaded-board plank. Beadboard is usually an affordable and very charming option for adorning your walls, but with many styles to choose from, you will find a range of prices and qualities and “board” widths, with 2½-inch V-bead and 1⅝-inch V-bead being common options. Beadboard works on entire walls, half-walls, or ceilings, on kitchen islands and cabinets, to frame in a bathtub, as a backsplash in kitchens and bathrooms. It quickly communicates laid-back farmhouse style. Would you believe that once upon a time beadboard went up stick by stick?

flat paneling

6. Flat panels: Into this category we’re going to group a whole bunch of styles that we’ll call “flat panels.” If you’ve heard of wainscoting, that belongs here, as does most paneling that you’ll hear described as “elegant” or “high end.” The photo we selected above shows painted panels, but you can also think about walnut paneling in a library. This is highly custom work that communicates classic luxe and really adds value to a home.

Do you have paneling in your house? What’s your favorite look? Tell us in our comments.

11 thoughts on “6 Types of Wood Paneling to Consider for Your Interiors

  1. Kimber O'Shea

    Hi there. I love all wood paneling. I can never decide which I like the best, so I have them all( in different rooms of course). I feel that once they are painted white, they all go together. The only one I don’t have is shiplap. I’ve always done T and G vertically. Now I want to do a room horizontally. Does the T and G and the shiplap have the same effect once it’s up? As I can’t seem to find any shiplap locally.

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  5. Carolyn Smith

    The interior of our 100 year old farmhouse is chestnut tongue and groove. I love it so much! Even the rooms that we’re painted over.

  6. Dr. Ruth Saxton

    These definitions and examples are SO helpful as I begin a project and am new to home decor. Thanks!

  7. Stedman Lee Peters

    I’m looking for a type of wood panel as for small crafts projects. I’m a black powder shooter and cast my own conicals, 1858 Remington 44cal, 240gr and a 1860 Hawkens Woodsman 54cal, 420gr.
    I’ve been working on conical storage boxes for the conicals after they’ve been pan lubed, sides, 1 1/2″ x 1/2″ trim wood and the bottom, insert, and the sliding deck lid are 1/4″ plywood. The box measures out to 12 3/8″ x 5 x 1/4″ x 2 1/2″ and holds 96 44cal. 240gr conicals.
    I route out for the bottom and the sliding lid in the trim wood and glue the bottom and sides together, The problem I have is when I drill out the insert, 96, 15/32″ for the conicals to sit in, I go thru the dress side and when I hit the back, the bit tears up one or two layers of the ply between the holes or the outer edge.
    Is there a type of solid wood panel instead of plywood?? If I was able to attach a few photos you might understand what I’m talking about. Thanks Much, Stedman Peters


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